Hemorrhoids Home Treatment
Hemorrhoids may be moved to the outside of the anal canal during bowel movement and become enlarged. Painful hemorrhoids usually stop hurting on their own in 1 to 2 weeks, if they keep causing problems, talk with our doctors at Heng Kang Clinic.
Hemorrhoids, also known as piles, are swollen veins in your anus and lower rectum, similar to varicose veins and it will develop inside the rectum (internal hemorrhoids) or under the skin around the anus (external hemorrhoids). Nearly three out of four adults can have hemorrhoids from time to time. Hemorrhoids some causes, but often the cause is unknown. Fortunately, effective options are available to treat hemorrhoids and many people get relief with home treatments and lifestyle changes.
Types and Symptoms of Hemorrhoids
Internal hemorrhoids are found in your rectum and they can’t always be seen because they’re too deep in your anus to be visible. Internal hemorrhoids aren’t normally serious and tend to go away on their own. Sometimes internal hemorrhoids will swell and stick out of your anus. There aren’t any nerves that detect pain in your rectum, so you may not always notice internal hemorrhoids but they can cause symptoms if they grow larger, including:
Pain or discomfort
Noticeable lumps or swelling near your anus
Feces traveling through your rectum can also irritate internal hemorrhoids. This can cause bleeding that you may notice on your toilet tissue.
A prolapsed hemorrhoid occurs once internal hemorrhoids swell and stick out of your anus. A doctor could assign a grade to a prolapsed hemorrhoid based on how far it sticks out:
Grade one: Not prolapsed at all.
Grade two: Prolapsed, but will retract by themselves. These may only prolapse when you put pressure on your anal or rectal area, such as by straining when you have a bowel movement, and then return to their normal position afterward.
Grade three: Prolapsed, and you have to push it back in yourself. These may need to be treated so that they don’t become too painful or infected.
Grade four: Prolapsed, and you can’t push it back in without a lot of pain. These will usually need to be treated to prevent pain, discomfort, or further complications.
Prolapsed hemorrhoids look like swollen red lumps or bumps outside your anus. You may be able to see them if you use a mirror to examine this area. Prolapsed hemorrhoids may have no other symptom than the protrusion, or they may cause pain or discomfort, itchiness, or burning.
External hemorrhoids occur on your anus, directly on the surface of where your bowel movements come out. They’re not always visible but are sometimes seen as lumps on the anal surface. External hemorrhoids aren’t usually a serious medical issue but see our doctor if they cause pain or discomfort that interrupts your daily life.
The symptoms of external hemorrhoids are essentially the same as those of internal ones. Since they’re located on the outside of your rectal area, you may feel more pain or discomfort when you sit down, do physical activities, or have a bowel movement.
They’re also easier to see when they swell, and the bluish color of the dilated veins is visible beneath the anal skin surface.
A thrombosed hemorrhoid contains a blood clot (thrombosis) within the hemorrhoid tissue. They may appear as lumps or swelling around your anus. Thrombosed hemorrhoids are essentially a complication of hemorrhoid, in which a blood clot forms.
Blood clots can happen in both internal and external hemorrhoids, and the symptoms may include:
Intense pain and itchiness
Swelling and redness
Bluish color around the area of the hemorrhoid
Risk Factors of Hemorrhoids
Risk factors for severe or recurrent hemorrhoids include:
Not getting enough fiber
Being overweight or obese
Having chronic constipation
Having chronic diarrhea
Sitting on the toilet for too long
Straining while having a bowel movement
Having anal intercourse
Some of the above factors can also make it difficult for hemorrhoids to heal, allowing the problem to persist for longer. Hemorrhoids are passed on genetically from parent to child, so if your parents had hemorrhoids, you’re more probably to get them. Consistent heavy lifting, being obese, or having other constant strain on your body will increase your risk of hemorrhoids. Standing too much without taking a break to sit will cause hemorrhoids to develop. Consistent anal sexual activity and diarrhea may also increase your risk of hemorrhoids. You’re also more likely to develop hemorrhoids if you’re pregnant and once the uterus enlarges, it presses on the vein in the colon, causing it to bulge.
For more information, you can visit Heng Kang Clinic at 517-519 Quintin Paredes St., Brgy.289, Binondo, City of Manila, you may also click the consultation box at the right side of your screen or call us at (02) 8356 - 0262 to set an appointment.